Help: Covering the Basics
First of all HTML stands for HyperText Mark-up Language.
At first, HTML can be very confusing, but the more experience you get the faster
it will be to understand and eventually it will become natural. When I first
started out I couldn't understand why I couldn't start a new paragraph like in
a word processor. What you use are HTML flags. They are commands that
basically say what's going to happen. The commands always go between this <
and this >.
Example: to underline you would use the flag U:
What is shown above is that the word you want underlined has the flag <U>
before it and to stop the command you put a / before the letter: </U>.
The flags can be type in just capitals or just lowercase, it doesn't matter.
So <u> is no different from <U>, but using capitals can be easier
Here are two common HTML flags:
<BR> and <P>
BR is like pressing "enter" to make a carriage return. It will make a break in
the text and start again on the next line. Like so:
P allows you to make a new paragraph sort of like BR, but it puts a line in
When starting your page you'll need some flags before you begin your text.
Here are some flags you'll need:
The first ever tag is this one: <HTML>. If you don't have it than people
who visit your site will probably see your HTML code. You can end your page
The next flags you can use (but don't need) are the <TITLE> and
</TITLE> flags. Look waaaay at the top of the screen to the left. See
"Wild Spirit Wolf Kennelz"? That's what these flags do. They place a title at
the top. You can put your site name or "Welcome To ......" or whatever you
want. So it would be:
After that you can put your background color:
To put an image as your background you would put this:
Here's what you would use to color your links:
<LINK="#000000" VLINK="#000000" ALINK="#000000">
LINK is the color of a link, VLINK is the color of a visited link, and
ALINK is the color that a link changes to when clicked on.
#000000 and #FFFFFF are hexadecimal colors (000000=black, FFFFFF=white). Black
Wolf Kennelz has great charts on this: Click Here.
Here's want it looks like when you put it all together:
<BODY BGCOLOR="#FFFFFF" BODY BACKGROUND="background.jpg" LINK="#000000" VLINK="#000000" ALINK="#000000">
You can use a heading for your page to say what the page is. Scroll to the top
of this page to "Help: Covering the Basics", that's this pages heading. You
can text or an image, but I find using text does its job.
If you're going to use text you can use these flags:
If you don't give the text any commands, it will automatically go to the left.
To center text use the <CENTER> flag:
And to put the text to the right use this:
Use <HR> to put in a Horizontal Line that looks like this:
You can change the size by putting WIDTH=%:
<HR WIDTH=40%> :
To set your entire font size you can use <BASEFONT="1">. Play around
with the numbers and find out what you would like your font size to be. To
change the size of a portion of text use this:
<FONT SIZE="1">size 1</FONT>
<FONT SIZE="2">size 2</FONT>
<FONT SIZE="3">size 3</FONT>
<FONT SIZE="4">size 4</FONT>
<FONT SIZE="5">size 5</FONT>
and so on...
Here are some more flags you can use to change your text.
and so on...
<FONT FACE="Lucida Casual">Lucida Casual
(what I use for my site)</font>
<FONT FACE="Graphite Light ATT">Graphite
Light ATT (what I use for my headings)</font>
look in your word processor for different fonts you can use.
Questions? Maybe you'd like to know something that isn't on this page.
Copyright © 1999-2000, by Alix.